The following is a draft of our stand on many issues of constitutional significance. They are subject to revision
based on additional information and feedback from our readers. Use form in sidebar to express your opinions.
Separation of Church and State
“Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion…” (First Amendment)
The First Amendment was included in the Bill of Rights as a means of protecting religious establishments from
the tyranny of government, not to protect the government from the influence of religion. Throughout our history,
religious thought has informed the decisions of government and shaped major components of our culture.
The modern application of this amendment to prohibit any expression of religion in the “public square” and to
shield citizens from religious symbols or expressions, is not only inconsistent with the Constitution but is an
outright violation of the second half of the clause “…nor prohibiting the free exercise thereof;”
“…The right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed”. (Second Amendment)
The right to keep and bear arms is not rooted in the need for a regulated militia or in the sport of hunting. It is
rooted in the natural right to life and the companion right of self-defense of that life by the force of arms if
A second and equal right in the minds of the Framers in guaranteeing the right to bear arms was the protection
of another natural right---Liberty.
Article I, Section 8, gives the purposes for which Congress may raise taxes. Taxes taken for any reason other
than to finance the performance of the enumerated powers of government is an act of tyranny.
The Sixteenth Amendment gives the government the power to levy and collect taxes on income without the
Article I requirement to apportion those taxes equally between the various states. It does not sanction, however,
the graduated income tax or the use of those taxes for purposes not related to the enumerated powers of
Congress was established and intended to operate under the control of the people. Tradition and corruption
has transferred the control of Congress from the people to political parties and special interests often at odds
with the best interest of the nation.
There are many reforms needed in Congress. Foremost among them are restraints on the ability of the
Speaker of the House and the Senate Majority Leader to determine the legislation to be considered by the
“Committee of the Whole“ and voted upon. Another reform needed is to eliminate the ability of the “Majority
Leader” to usurp the Constitutional powers of the Vice-President of the United States functioning as the
President of the Senate, .
The Framers feared the consequences of “factions” in government and did not include a reference to political
parties in the Constitution. However, the structure of the government they formed makes political parties
possibly the best method for identifying and promoting candidates for public office. The Constitutional
requirement that candidates for President and Vice President receive a majority of votes cast limits the number
of effective national parties at two. Historically, attempts by “third parties” to introduce other candidates into
campaigns for the offices of President and Vice President always results in a win for the party least favorable to
Multiple parties do have, however, an important role in American politics. That role at the national level is issue
advocacy. Alternative parties often perform an essential role in supplying voters with information on national
issues that may not be available from the two major parties. At the local level, alternative parties often perform
an important role in opposing corruption and incompetence, frequently providing voters with candidates better
suited to the office under consideration than either of the two major parties.
Almost as great as the fear of factions among the Founders was the fear of direct democracy dominated by
voters not knowledgeable in the issues on which they were voting. The Electoral College was set up partly to
protect the nation from these uninformed voters easily swayed by the most charismatic candidate or the
candidate who promised the most “goodies”.
It was also meant to protect the nation from undue influence by large population centers at the expense of
citizens in less populated areas. Both of these factors pose continuing threats to the health of our Republic and
for that reason, the Electoral College should be preserved, although it does need reforms to free it from the
despotism of political parties.
Civil Marriage is a privilege, not a right. It represents society’s recognition of the importance of the family unit for
the procreation and rearing of children. Families are the building blocks of civilization. In civil marriage, society
grants special privileges to marriage partners in order to encourage family stability and maintain stability in
society at large.
Throughout history the privileges of civil marriage has been afforded to formal relationships between men and
women. In western society, those privileges are restricted to one man and one woman. The recognition of the
value of a monogamous relationship between a man and a woman by granting them the status and privileges of
civil marriage does not preclude other types of relationships and other group structures for sharing living
arrangements. However, there is no societal advantage in granting special privileges to these alternative
relationships by elevating them to an equality with traditional marriage.
To expand the meaning of marriage to alternative relationships without reference to gender is to devalue the
importance of marriage leading eventually to the destabilization of society as a whole.
The right to life is first among the three rights listed in the Declaration of Independence. It is one of the natural
rights granted by the author of all rights and the creator of life. Since the infamous case of Roe vs. Wade some
forty million American lives have been sacrificed on the alter of “feminism”.
The right to life is one of the unalienable rights granted by God that cannot be abrogated by government, either
at the national or state level. To paraphrase the Declaration of Independence, the only purpose of government
is to secure and protect the rights of the people, including the right to life. If state governments are unwilling or
unable to assume that responsibility then the national government should, through a Constitutional Amendment.
More to come on the economy, healthcare, fairness doctrine, energy, the environment and the Enumerated
|Constitution Related Issues
|The Illinois Conservative