Structure of U.S. Government 2009
Political Parties
Supreme Court
Appellate Courts
Trial Courts
Electoral College
House of Representatives
Vice President
We The People
State Legislatures
As you can see from this diagram, the working structure of government has changed considerably since 1789. The most important
changes are the dominance of political parties in every facet of government; the politicization of the Supreme Court; the power of
bureaucracies over state governments and individual citizens; and finally the most important of all, the virtual elimination of the
influence of the Constitution as the Supreme Law governing the activities of government.
Time Line to Tyranny
NOTE: Most changes occurred  so gradually that it is almost impossible to establish the exact date of their beginning.  Arbitrary
dates are indicated by color (
xxxx) and represent the time period when the change began to gain widespread acceptance.
1791  National Bank established by Alexander Hamilton and justified by him Constitutionally by introducing the "implied
powers" doctrine.

1792  America's first political party, the Federalist Party, was founded by Alexander Hamilton and John Adams to strengthen
the federal government. Adams became the first and only President elected on the Federalist ticket, serving only one term.

1793  Democratic-Republican Party founded by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison in opposition to the Federalist.

1803  Supreme Court assumes the power to interpret Constitution establishing the doctrine of judicial review.

1820's  After losing six straight elections to the Democratic-Republicans, the Federalist Party ceases to exist as a political
force.  Many former Federalists joined with the Democratic-Republican Party making up a "big government" wing.

1824  Without opposition the Democratic-Republican Party begins to break apart.

1825  Andrew Jackson reorganizes the "big government" faction of the Democratic-Republicans as the Democratic Party
winning the Presidency in 1828.

1829*  Jackson introduces the "spoils system" into American politics greatly strengthening the power of political parties.

1848  Communist Manifesto published in Germany.

1870's  First wave of socialist immigration from Europe.

1880  Socialism gains foothold in America aided by Henry George's popular book "Progress and Poverty" which sold over
three million copies.  The "Progressive era" begins.

1900  First progressive President, Theodore Roosevelt elected on Republican ticket.

1910's Office of Senate Majority Leader replaces the constitutional office of President of the Senate assigned to the Vice

1913**  Sixteenth Amendment ratified paving the way for using tax code as a tool for "social engineering".

1913***  Seventeenth Amendment ratified seriously weakening the Tenth Amendment and state sovereignty.

1933  The New Deal Introduced by Franklin Roosevelt.

1937  Politicization of the Supreme Court by F.D.R.

1939  Saul Alinsky begins community organizing movement establishing the Industrial Areas Foundation in 1940.

1940's  Second wave of socialist immigration from war torn Europe.

1964  Lyndon Johnson announces "War on Poverty"

2008  Election of Alinskyite, Barack Obama President
* The Spoils System is perhaps one of the most insidious political arrangements ever foisted on the American people.  It made
wide spread corruption inevitable by making federal employment dependent on service to the Party.  A number of laws have been
passed at both federal and state levels to end the practice, including the Pendleton Act of 1883 and the establishment of the Civil
Service Commission.  In spite of this however, the practice is still alive and well in most of the big city, state and regional
governments controlled today by the Democratic Party.

** The Sixteenth Amendment legalizing the income tax has proven a boon to the statist's tendencies in our political system.  In
addition to its value in "social engineering" it has become a cash cow for political parties as businesses and investors funnel
millions of dollars into campaign coffers each election cycle in hopes of influencing tax and regulatory policies.  

*** The Seventeenth Amendment which changed the way Senators are elected has produced a devastating effect on the
functioning of our government. Prior to the Seventeenth Amendment Senators were appointed by state legislatures giving the
states some control over their actions.  Senators are now elected by the popular vote in each state.  While this may appeal to the
popular way of thinking about the "ideal" of democracy, it has had a nullifying effect on the Tenth Amendment. Senators no longer
feel the same loyalty to their state and its people, transferring it instead to the political party that keeps them in office.   
Dominant influence in selection
Dominant influence in policy
Constitutional Limits on Government
Bookmark and Share
The Illinois Conservative