Amendments To
The Constitution of the United States of America
Amendment 20: "Lame duck" session of Congress eliminated. Provisions for death or
disqualification of President-elect or Vice-President elect

Section 1.

A20.1.1
 The terms of the President and Vice President shall end at noon on the 20th day of January, and
the terms of Senators and Representatives at noon on the 3d day of January, of the years in which such
terms would have ended if this article had not been ratified; and the terms of their successors shall then
begin.

Section 2.

A20.2.1
 The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and such meeting shall begin at noon
on the 3d day of January, unless they shall by law appoint a different day.
Supersedes Article 1,
Section 4.3

Section 3.

A20.3.1
 If, at the time fixed for the beginning of the term of the President, the President elect shall have
died, the Vice President elect shall become President.

A20.3.2  If a President shall not have been chosen before the time fixed for the beginning of his term, or if
the President elect shall have failed to qualify, then the Vice President elect shall act as President until a
President shall have qualified;

A20.3.3  and the Congress may by law provide for the case wherein neither a President elect nor a Vice
President elect shall have qualified, declaring who shall then act as President, or the manner in which one
who is to act shall be selected, and such person shall act accordingly until a President or Vice President
shall have qualified.

Section 4.

A20.4.1
 The Congress may by law provide for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the
House of Representatives may choose a President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon
them, and for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the Senate may choose a Vice
President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them.

Section 5.

A20.5.1  Sections 1 and 2 shall take effect on the 15th day of October following the ratification of this
article.

Section 6.

A20.6.1
 This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the
Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States within seven years from
the date of its submission.

Proposed: March 2, 1932
Ratified: February 6, 1933