Amendments To
The Constitution of the United States of America
Amendment 17: Election of Senators, Filling Senate Vacancies

 The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, elected by the
people thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote.
Supersedes Article I, Section 3.1

 The electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous
branch of the State legislatures.

A17.1.3  When vacancies happen in the representation of any State in the Senate, the executive authority of
such State shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies:
Supersedes Article 1, Section 3.4

 Provided, That the legislature of any State may empower the executive thereof to make temporary
appointments until the people fill the vacancies by election as the legislature may direct.

A17.1.5  This amendment shall not be so construed as to affect the election or term of any Senator chosen
before it becomes valid as part of the Constitution.

Proposed: May 13, 1912
Ratified: May 31, 1913