Constitution of the United States of America
Article II: Executive Branch
Article 2, Section 1:  Executive Powers, Electoral College,
Election of President and Vice President

 The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the
United States of America.

2.1.2  He shall hold his Office during the Term of four Years,
and, together with the Vice President, chosen for the same
Term, be elected, as follows:

2.1.3  Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the
Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to
the whole Number of Senators and Representatives to which the
State may be entitled in the Congress:

2.1.4  but no Senator or Representative, or Person holding an
Office of Trust or Profit under the United States, shall be
appointed an Elector.

2.1.5  The Electors shall meet in their respective States, and
vote by Ballot for two Persons, of whom one at least shall not be
an Inhabitant of the same State with themselves.

2.1.6  And they shall make a List of all the Persons voted for,
and of the Number of Votes for each;

2.1.7  which List they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed
to the Seat of the Government of the United States, directed to
the President of the Senate.

2.1.8  The President of the Senate shall, in the Presence of the
Senate and House of Representatives, open all the Certificates,
and the Votes shall then be counted.

2.1.9  The Person having the greatest Number of Votes shall be
the President, if such Number be a Majority of the whole Number
of Electors appointed;

2.1.10  and if there be more than one who have such Majority,
and have an equal Number of Votes, then the House of
Representatives shall immediately choose by Ballot one of them
for President;

2.1.11  and if no Person have a Majority, then from the five
highest on the List the said House shall in like Manner choose
the President.

2.1.12  But in choosing the President, the Votes shall be taken
by States, the Representation from each State having one Vote;

2.1.13  A quorum for this purpose shall consist of a Member or
Members from two thirds of the States, and a Majority of all the
States shall be necessary to a Choice.

2.1.14  In every Case, after the Choice of the President, the
Person having the greatest Number of Votes of the Electors shall
be the Vice President.

2.1.15  But if there should remain two or more who have equal
Votes, the Senate shall choose from them by Ballot the Vice

2.1.16  The Congress may determine the Time of choosing the
Electors, and the Day on which they shall give their Votes;

2.1.17  which Day shall be the same throughout the United

2.1.18  No Person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of
the United States, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution,
shall be eligible to the Office of President;

2.1.19  neither shall any Person be eligible to that Office who
shall not have attained to the Age of thirty five Years, and been
fourteen Years a Resident within the United States.

2.1.20  In Case of the Removal of the President from Office, or of
his Death, Resignation, or Inability to discharge the Powers and
Duties of the said Office, the Same shall devolve on the Vice
President, and the Congress may by Law provide for the Case of
Removal, Death, Resignation or Inability, both of the President
and Vice President, declaring what Officer shall then act as
President, and such Officer shall act accordingly, until the
Disability be removed, or a President shall be elected.

2.1.21  The President shall, at stated Times, receive for his
Services, a Compensation, which shall neither be increased nor
diminished during the Period for which he shall have been
elected, and he shall not receive within that Period any other
Emolument from the United States, or any of them.

2.1.22  Before he enter on the Execution of his Office, he shall
take the following Oath or Affirmation:–”I do solemnly swear (or
affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the
United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect
and defend the Constitution of the United States.”

Superseded by Amendment 12