Amendments To
The Constitution of the United States of America
Amendment 20: "Lame duck" session of Congress
eliminated. Provisions for death or disqualification of
President-elect or Vice-President elect

Section 1.

A20.1.1
 The terms of the President and Vice President shall end
at noon on the 20th day of January, and the terms of Senators
and Representatives at noon on the 3d day of January, of the
years in which such terms would have ended if this article had not
been ratified; and the terms of their successors shall then begin.

Section 2.

A20.2.1
 The Congress shall assemble at least once in every
year, and such meeting shall begin at noon on the 3d day of
January, unless they shall by law appoint a different day.

Supersedes Article 1, Section 4.3

Section 3.

A20.3.1
 If, at the time fixed for the beginning of the term of the
President, the President elect shall have died, the Vice President
elect shall become President.

A20.3.2  If a President shall not have been chosen before the
time fixed for the beginning of his term, or if the President elect
shall have failed to qualify, then the Vice President elect shall act
as President until a President shall have qualified;

A20.3.3  and the Congress may by law provide for the case
wherein neither a President elect nor a Vice President elect shall
have qualified, declaring who shall then act as President, or the
manner in which one who is to act shall be selected, and such
person shall act accordingly until a President or Vice President
shall have qualified.

Section 4.

A20.4.1
 The Congress may by law provide for the case of the
death of any of the persons from whom the House of
Representatives may choose a President whenever the right of
choice shall have devolved upon them, and for the case of the
death of any of the persons from whom the Senate may choose a
Vice President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved
upon them.

Section 5.

A20.5.1  Sections 1 and 2 shall take effect on the 15th day of
October following the ratification of this article.

Section 6.

A20.6.1
 This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been
ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of
three-fourths of the several States within seven years from
the date of its submission.

Proposed: March 2, 1932
Ratified: February 6, 1933
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